Chronic Heart Failure for Healthcare Professionals

Chronic Heart Failure for Healthcare Professionals

Primary care

Iron is an essential nutrient for both physical and mental wellbeing, and yet iron deficiency is a common clinical problem. Although women and children are most at risk, chronic disease can leave some patients susceptible to iron deficiency. This is true of patients with chronic heart failure, for several reasons.

Specialist care

Anaemia has long been recognised as a common comorbidity of chronic heart failure (CHF) with a significant impact on patient outcomes. Iron deficiency, without anaemia, has more recently been acknowledged as an independent risk factor in CHF patients. Patients with CHF are more susceptible to iron deficiency with or without anaemia for a variety of reasons. The main factors contributing to anaemia include.