Prevalence of anaemia and iron deficiency in Portugal: the EMPIRE Study
According to the recently published EMPIRE study, anaemia and iron deficiency are highly prevalent in Portugal and remain largely undiagnosed.
The study revealed that 1 in every 5 Portuguese adults has anaemia, being the 84% of them unaware that they suffer from this condition. In 52.7% of the cases, iron deficiency is the cause of anaemia. This was particularly noted In pregnant women, who are facing a truly serious health problem, with prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia above 40%. Given these results, it became manifest that iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia were high above than what would be expected for a southern European country.
Recognizing the gravity of the situation, the Portuguese Health Authorities updated their policies and guidelines for the management of anaemia and iron deficiency anaemia. These now aim for a new approach how to handle this condition, putting a particular emphasis on its correct diagnosis and treatment.
Source: Fonseca C et al Prevalence of anaemia and iron deficiency in Portugal: the EMPIRE Study. Intern Med J. 2016 Feb 3. doi: 10.1111/imj.13020. [Epub ahead of print]